Discussion and research on using high power lasers in the oil, gas, geothermal, and mining markets extends back to the 1960s. Until now the available high power gas lasers required high voltages and precision alignments that made them extremely large, inefficient, and too fragile to transport.
The fiber laser however consists of modular architecture of coupling individual high power laser diodes to an active fiber that is built from the “bottom up” to create higher and higher powers. This architecture gave rise to a logarithmic scaling of cost and power.
Over the past decade, advancements in fiber laser technology have increased power availability from less than 1 kW to greater than 50 kW; reduced costs from greater than $1000/W to less than $50/W; and allowed rugged field transportation and operation.
Upon reaching technology critical mass, high-power lasers potentially will have the same type of impact on the oil, gas, geothermal, and mining industries that is occurring in the automotive, manufacturing, defense, and medical industries.
Einstein first proposes the “Stimulated Emission” phenomenon that makes lasers possible
Charles Townes conceives the M.A.S.E.R. (Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation)
Townes, Schawlow, and Gould lay the groundwork for the “optical maser” that later becomes known as the “laser”
Theodore Maiman builds the first laser at the Hughes Research facility
N. Holonyak Jr. invents the semiconductor laser which later becomes a core building block of the fiber laser
E. Snitzer invents the Nd:Glass laser which later becomes part of the core architecture of the fiber laser
The movie Goldfinger brings lasers into the pop culture and visualizes industrial laser cutting for the first time
C.K. Patel invents the high power CO2 laser but at large sizes and alignments that limit rugged transport
Fiber optic cable made of corning glass allows long distance, low loss transmission of laser power
The bar code scanner is introduced and first used to ring up a pack of Wrigley gum
Live telephone traffic is sent through fiber optic cables in downtown Chicago
Laser Disk hits market as the first commercial optical disc storage medium
M. Ross and R. Rice invent diode pumped laser which later becomes part of the core architecture of the fiber laser
Chu, Cohen-Tannoudji, and Phillips work with laser cooling of atoms that wins them the 1997 Nobel Prize
Compact Discs, the next iteration of laserdisc technology, extends playing time, sampling rate and linear resolution
Lasers used for remote sensing resolution in oilfields
M. Zediker and R. Rice demonstrate first high power fiber laser
DVD introduced, providing much more storage in the same size as the compact disc
Ramona Graves finds that lasers can achieve a number of basic rock destruction mechanisms
Gapontsev and IPG enters market with high power fiber lasers
Stimulated Brillouin Scattering (SBS) is a “physics effect” that chokes off the transmission of high power laser photons in a fiber optic cable by reflecting the energy backwards to catastrophically destroy both the fiber optic cable and laser source. In short, photons and acoustic phonons interact in a vicious cycle that gets exponentially worse with increasing power and distance.
Foro Energy started with the three governing equations of SBS to build a foundational physical understanding of the phenomenon and the resulting impact on high power laser transmission.
With advanced physics simulations and experimental capabilities, Foro Energy developed a solution where the fiber optic cable, laser source and combined system are simultaneously engineered to eliminate the onset of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering. This gives us the unique capability to transmit high power lasers in fiber optic cables over long distances.
Foro Energy’s proprietary technology overcomes limitations to allow “world’s first” transmission of high power:
Foro Energy is a global leader in the applications of high power lasers for the oil, natural gas, geothermal, and mining industries with over 50 issued patents globally